Below are existing governance tools and instruments that arguably need government and its SoCs must implement fully and consistently to contribute towards effective SoC governance for efficient SoC turnaround and sustained success.

These are based on a comparative study, including interviews undertaken, comparing and extracting key success factors between SoCs in South Africa and in other emerging economies in Asia and Latin America.
The tools exist but either are not implemented consistently and coherently, or not implemented at all.